instituto de matemáticas universidad de sevilla
Antonio de Castro Brzezicki
Numerical Semigroups.
Seminario IMUS
A numerical semigroup $S$ is a subsemigroup of the natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$  containing zero and such that $\mathbb{N}\setminus S$ is finite. This notion was introduced in relation with the coin problem: if we have infinitely many coins of given denominations, which is the maximal amount that is not possible to obtain? On the other hand, numerical semigroups appear also in other areas of mathematics, such as commutative algebra, algebraic geometry, coding theory, combinatorics etc. In this talk I give an introduction to numerical semigroup theory with particular attention to its applications in commutative algebra and algebraic geometry. For instance, I explain how it allows to construct one-dimensional Gorenstein local rings with decreasing Hilbert function, solving an open problem in commutative algebra