Big Data is one of the most trending topics of the last years and they are changing the world as we know it. We are seeing their impact in our everyday life as much as in science, medicine, finance, and advertising. To harness such power, new paradigms of processing and storage were made available under the form of tools and frameworks, but each one comes with strong principles in mind. Along with them come risks and challenges that have to be overcome in order to handle the incredible amount of information that devices produce. As a result, it is necessary to identify the right instrument for the right problem. It will be given a little overview of the tools and frameworks the market offers along with a synthetic explanation about one example for each of the phases data have to come through. In the end, it will be given an instance of usage for an academic project in a real-world scenario, specifically about the implementation of a smart city light managing and monitoring system.